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Your Rights

The 62B District court takes your rights very seriously.  Please go over your rights several times to make sure you understand what they are, what they mean, and how it applies to your current situation.  There are slideshows explaining your rights.  The basic rights described below apply to criminal matters.

Right to Trial

You have the right to a trial by a jury or judge. A jury will be six citizens of Kentwood.

Right to Attorney

You have the right to an attorney.  You may have an appointed attorney

  1. if you are indigent, and
  2. the offense charged requires a minimum jail sentence or the court determines that might sentence you to jail.

Note:  If an attorney is appointed at the public expense, you may have to repay that expense. 

Pleading

You may plead in one of four ways:

  1. guilty,
  2. not guilty,
  3. stand mute, or
  4. no contest. 

Standing Mute

If you stand mute, the court will enter a plea of not guilty.

No Contest

You must have permission of the court to plead no contest.  The court will give permission if you have no memory of the incident or if there is a possibility of civil liability.  If a no contest plea is accepted, the court can impose all of the punishments that you could receive if you had pled guilty. 

Innocent until Proven Guilty Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

At trial, you are presumed innocent until proven guilty.  The prosecution has the burden to prove each element of the crime you are charged with beyond a reasonable doubt. 

Witnesses

At trial, you may call witnesses to speak for you at trial.  You may get an order from the court to compel witnesses to come to trial.  This is called a subpoena.  You may fill out a subpoena and have your attorney or the judge sign it. 

Cross-Examination

You may see, hear, and question all the witness testifying against you.  This is called cross-examination. 

Right to Testify

You may be your own witness.  However, you may also decide to remain silent.  If you remain silent, that fact will not be commented on by the prosecution to establish guilt.

Advice of Rights Forms

For a more full text on your rights, please click on the form.  This is the same form that is read to you at the court and the one you will sign at your criminal proceedings.  Click here for an index of advice of rights forms in several different languages.   

Advice of Rights Slideshows


English


Click here for the Advice of Rights form in English.


Spanish

Click here for the Advice of Rights form in Spanish.

Vietnamese

Click here for the Advice of Rights form in Vietnamese.
(Translation Provided by the 62-B District Court.)

Bosnian

Sorry, there are no Advice of Rights forms in Bosnian available at this time.
 

Use of Advice of Right Forms in Other Languages

A note from the Michigan Supreme Court:  "These forms do not replace use of the English versions since Michigan Court Rules require that all court documents be in English. These forms are provided for information purposes only and should not be completed and filed with the court or provided to parties to an action in place of the English versions. They are to be provided along with the English versions to assist in removing language barriers."

List of All Approved Translation Forms

Arabic
Chinese
Hmong
Korean
Russian
Spanish